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Pest Prevention Principles And Practices


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Cultivating, Fertilizing, And  Irrigating As Pest Prevention

The best defense against pests in your lawn, is a good healthy lawn. The information on this page is designed to optimize your chances for reaching that goal.


Cultivating is something that doesn't have to be done as often as the other items on our list, but it is highly important.

If you have a thatch build up, or compaction problems, aerifying, or verticutting will aid in keeping your lawn in good condition. Thatch hides insects and provides conditions which encourage insect reproduction. It also weakens the lawn grasses, deprives them of natural nutrients, and inhibits water intake.

If your lawn is in need of renovating, cultivation is essential. Top dressing could be a separate subject, but I mention it here because cultivation and top dressing are usually a  collaborative efforts. Cultivating twice per year will have a positive impact on your law, and more frequent cultivation in high stress areas can work wonders. Avoid cultivating your lawn late in the fall. It will plant weed seed that would have otherwise rotted on the surface.


Getting the right amount of nutrients to your lawn is important. For the best fertilizer, follow the directions above about mowing, and don't bag your clippings. Of course, you will want to add more fertilizer, so start with something like one pound of nitrogen per thousand square feet of lawn space per application. Three applications per year should be sufficient.

Of course you will need to adjust this to the needs of your particular lawn. Most common lawn grasses can use as much as two pounds per thousand square feet, per application.

Some fertilizers use sulfur coated urea formaldehyde. The sulfur coating slows the release of nutrients, allowing for more time between applications. You can use these at higher levels, less frequently. If you use regular fertilizer, smaller doses at more frequent intervals are recommended.


Keeping your grass healthy requires making the right amount of water available. Too little and it desiccates, to much and it will languish and invite fungus, pests, and disease. I am not going to go into the details of precipitation rates, or evapotranspiration rates (yes, they are real terms) but you should watch your lawn. If it is soggy two hours after watering, you should probably back off the water a little. If it is dry at a depth of one inch, you should increase the watering.

Pest Control.

If you have done everything else on the list right, the chances of having pest problems is greatly diminished. There can still be problems due to weather conditions, and other natural phenomena.

This site is designed to lead naturally from one subject to the next. It can be used without doing this. To follow in sequence, go to Lawn Care The Facts

If you need help to carry out the steps provided on this site, or treatment for the bugs and weeds and other pests already on your property, the best place to go for that help in The Tyler, East Texas area is TexPest Services.


Contact us at: james@bugsandweeds.com

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