Green pest control works best when when it is built in. If you build pest prevention into your home from the outset you are way out in front of pest problems.
First, the old real estate maxim applies here: Location, location, location. If you build next door to a slaughterhouse, a sewage plant, a large dead fall, a weed patch or a swamp, you are not going to be happy with the outcome as it relates to pests. Check the property as it is now, as it was in the past, and what the surrounding area could be used for in the future. Start with planning and zoning maps, and other applicable documentation.
If you are planning to build in an area which is home to nature, you will need to take measures to keep nature out of your home. Displaced wildlife can become a problem, and you need to be aware of this at the start. It makes sense to do as little excavating as possible, leaving as much of the native setting as possible.
Control as much of the surrounding landscape as possible by getting rid of dead wood, non native plants, and brushy weedy areas. This allows the native animal life a place to go, and gives you a barrier between your home and the areas that bugs, rodents, and other displaced wildlife prefer.
Proper fencing and other barriers should be in place. Fences will help to keep larger wildlife species out while protecting your family and pets.
Every step in the building process should include pest prevention as a factor. Before pouring a concrete slab any termite treatment and prevention methods should be applied. If course sand can be used as a base for the concrete slab, and extended beyond the slab, it makes termite tunneling difficult. If it can not be purchased in sufficient quantities for such a job, it should at least be used a foot or so around and under all plumbing inlets and outlets with a similar coarse sand barrier around the entire slab. Stainless steel wool around pipe openings in the walls and floors also helps.
- When sole plates are installed on the new slab, using a bead of high quality caulk between them and the slab will add another layer of protection.
- When walls are erected, and holes for pipes and cables are made, they should be sealed. Packing with stainless steel wool and or caulk, both on the inside and outside will provide protection.
Entrance and exit openings
There are many openings in a home beyond pipes and cables. Some to allow air in and out, some to allow people in and out. These are vents, doors and windows. All vents should be screened, all doors and windows should be sealed around the casings and trim. Such sealing efforts should include weather stripping and door sweeps.